Q: “My skin has become very dry and flakey over the colder months, why is this?”

        

What a great question, this is something many people experience but are unsure what to do about it. There can be many factors contributing to dry skin, so I will list and explain the top 5 for you:

1. Weather – Where you live can pay a big toll on the condition of your skin. During the cooler months many people find that their skin changes as the wind and the cooler temperatures alter the hydration levels in the skin. You will also find that as the weather heats up your skin will change again. You generally will experience changes in your skin with the change of season.

2. Skincare – It can depend on the products you are using on your skin. It really does not matter about the ‘Brand’ of skincare but the ingredients you are applying to your skin.

You need to look at your cleansers – Are you using a milk or foamy cleanser? The milk is more suitable for most skin types during winter as it is more nourishing and moisturising for the skin. The foamy cleansers tend to strip the skin barrier more which will irritate your skin if you are already finding it dry.

Moisturises can help a lot too. We generally recommend a richer moisturiser for the cooler months and a lighter one for the warmer months. You need the moisturiser to contain ingredients like:

By having the right moisturiser for our skin you will see an increased hydration level within 2 weeks of using it.

I would also recommend to add a hydrating serum to your skincare regime as it will help to prevent water loss and enhance the moisture content within the skin.

Try to eliminate any harsh products or astringents which will strip your skin barrier more like toners.


3. Diet and lifestyle – Increasing your consumption of healthy fats can help to keep your skin cells healthier and hydrated. It is important that water levels are maintained during these months too as your skin is the largest organ on the body and as it is on the exterior it is the last organ to get any water and nutrients. If you also have a high caffeine intake you need to be consuming a higher level of water as it will dehydrate your body and skin. As a general rule, for every 1 cup of caffeine you should replace it with 2 cups of water.

4. Medication – Some medication may affect your skins hydration and barrier. This can not always be eliminated.

5. Age – This can play a part because as we get older your skin tends to feel thicker which can give it the tight dry feeling. This is because the skin cells do not renew as often and it can give you a dull look. As you age you also experience more trans epidermal water loss, therefore creating a decrease in hydration levels.

I would recommend visiting a Dermal Skin Specialist for a Skin Analysis so all of the above factors can be discussed. This way you can be sure that you are doing the best routine for your skin as it is now. I generally recommend a skin consult every 3 months to make sure that the products and/or treatments are the best for your skin at this current time.

All the best in skin health